Post-traumatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that occurs following a physical injury or severe trauma to a joint. Arthritis is the inflammation of a joint that causes pain, swelling, inflammation, and stiffness. The joints are lined by soft articular cartilage that cushions the joints and aids in smooth movement of the joint bones. Degeneration of cartilage due to wear and tear leads to arthritis.
A joint is an articulation (junction) between 2 or more bones in the body. The two articulating bone surfaces are covered by smooth tissue called articular cartilage, a firm but flexible connective tissue that allows the bones to slide over each other smoothly and without friction, and absorb shock during movement. The cartilage is lubricated with synovial fluid, a thick liquid within the joint space which further enables smooth movement
Some causes of post-traumatic arthritis include:
Symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis include:
Your doctor will assess your symptoms, take your medical history, and perform a thorough physical examination of your joints to assess range of motion, stability, and strength.In order to obtain further information your doctor may order diagnostic tests such as:
The treatment options for post-traumatic arthritis include nonsurgical and surgical methods. Your doctor will determine the right option for you based on the severity of the condition.
If conservative treatment measures are ineffective, surgery may be recommended. Surgical treatment options may include:
Post-traumatic arthritis cannot be prevented, but its chances can be reduced by using suitable protective gear during sports and risky work activities, and by maintaining an ideal body weight and body mass index.